Environmental Science

About Department

The School of Environmental Sciences (SES) is an important interdisciplinary faculty in the University, aims at developing as a Centre of Excellence on issues pertaining to the relevant spheres securing sustainable development of the country emphasising on improved environmental management and better health through imparting postgraduate education and research. The Department of Environmental Science (DES) under SES is running two full-time Masters’ courses (a) M.Sc. (Environmental Sciences), and (b) M.Sc. (Environmental Microbiology). Efforts are on to develop it as a ‘Centre of Excellence’ in the field of Environmental Sciences. The department intends to impart special training to students who can easily handle the emerging environmental problems of various kinds faced by the industries and the society on the both technological and environmental fronts. The School also offers Ph.D. degree in research related to environmental sciences and management. There are three Professors, one Reader, one Senior Lecturer, and five Lecturers in the department from diverse fields of specialisation ranging from Environmental Microbiology, Stress Physiology, Environmental Biotechnology, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), Microbial Ecology, Environmental Toxicology, Environmental Chemistry, Environmental Modelling and Management. The department has also signed MoU with research organisations working in the areas of environment such as Industrial Toxicological Research Centre (ITRC), National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI) and Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CIMAP). During the last 5 years, more than 35 postgraduate students of this department have qualified in NET/Gate organised by UGC/ICAR/AICTE etc. The Department of Environmental Science has been included in the FIST programme of Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India and received a sum of Rs 50 lacs for improvement of infrastructural and research facilities in the department. The Department has been also granted Rs 20 lacs under UGC-Innovative Programme to run the course of M.Sc. (Environmental Microbiology). The Department organises regular seminars during weekends for the students, where students speak on topic of their choice, in order to harness their oration skills and to create general awareness among them on different aspects of environmental issues. Department is also actively organising special programmes on current topics in the field of environmental sciences from time to time. Department takes pride in not missing the celebration of Ozone Day, World Environment Day, Wildlife-week and World Water Day. Students regularly participate in the extra-curricular activities such as debate competition, essay writing, cultural and sports activities organised by the University.

Major and Minor Facilities

  • UV-VIS Spectrofluorometer
  • UV-VIS spectrophotometer(double beam)
  • Refrigerated High Speed Centrifuge (Remi, India)
  • Ion Electrode (Thermo-Orion, USA)
  • Respirable Dust Sampler (Envirotech, India)
  • BOD Incubator
  • Oven
  • Conductivity Meter
  • Spectro-colorimeter
  • PH Meter
  • Laminar Flow
  • Autoclave
  • Water bath (Shaking)
  • Growth Chamber
  • Quartz Water Distillation Unit
  • Deep Freezer (-20°) (01)
  • Green House Chamber
  • Culture room facility
  • AA spectrophotometer
  • HPLC
  • Phase contrast Trinocular Microscope
Course Name M. Sc. (Environmental Science) M.Sc (Energy & Environment)
Duration 2 Years (4 Semester) 2 Years (4 Semester)
Intake 30 20   Download Syllabus

Course Name Ph. D.(Enviornmental Science)
Intake As per Ph.D. Ordinance

M. Sc. (Environmental Sciences)

  • Semester I
    Paper Code Paper Name LTP Max. Marks
    ES 101 Environment and Ecosystem Dynamics 3-1-0 100
    ES 102 Biodiversity and Wildlife Conservation 3-1-0 100
    ES 103 Environmental Chemistry 3-1-0 100
    ES 104 Instrumentation, Data Analysis and Bioinformatics 3-1-0 100
    ES 105 Lab. Works & Field Visits/ Seminars 0-0-4 75+25

  • Semester II
    Paper Code Paper Name LTP Max. Marks
    ES 201 Environmental Microbiology 3-1-0 100
    ES 202 Environmental Geosciences & Remote Sensing Application 3-1-0 100
    ES 203 Environmental Pollution & Abatement 3-1-0 100
    ES 204 Water Quality Management 3-1-0 100
    ES 205 Practicals & Seminar 0-0-4 75+25

  • Semester III
    Paper Code Paper Name LTP Max. Marks
    ES 301 Toxicology & Occupational Health Hazards 3-1-0 100
    ES 302 Stress Biology 3-1-0 100
    ES 303 Environmental Biotechnology 3-1-0 100
    ES 304 Environmental Management & EIA 3-1-0 100
    ES 305 Practicals & Seminar 0-0-4 75+25

  • Semester IV
    Specialization –I: Environmental Biotechnology (EB)
    Paper Code Paper Name LTP Max. Marks
    ES 401-EB Plant Biotechnology for Sustainable Environment 3-1-0 100
    ES 402-EB Microbial Technology & Environment 3-1-0 100
    ES 403 Dissertation/ Thesis 3-1-0 100+50
    ES 404 Practical 3-1-0 100
    ES 405 Seminar/ Tour report 0-0-4 50

  • Semester IV
    Specialization –II: Environmental Biotechnology (EB)
    Paper Code Paper Name LTP Max. Marks
    ES 401-EMEIA Environmental Impact Assessment & Management 3-1-0 100
    ES 402-EMEIA Environmental Economics & Ecoplanning 3-1-0 100
    ES 403 Dissertation/ Thesis and Presentation 3-1-0 100
    ES 404 Practical 3-1-0 100
    ES 405 Seminar/ Tour report 0-0-4 50

M. Tech (Energy & Environment)

  • Semester I
    Paper Code Subject L-T-P Credit
    MTEE 101 Non Conventional energy sources and Technologies 3-1-0 4
    MTEE 102 Energy, Environment and Climate Change Concerns 3-1-0 4
    MTEE 103 Water and Wastewater: Pollution and Control Technologies 3-1-0 4
    MTEE 104 Solar Energy : Fundamentals, Devices & System 3-1-0 4
    MTEE 105 Non-Conventional Energy Sources Laboratory 0-0-4 5
    Total Credit Points 12-4-4 20

  • Semester II
    Paper Code Subject L-T-P Credit
    MTEE 201 Energy and Environmental auditing 3-1-0 4
    MTEE 202 Policy and regulatory aspects of renewable power generation 3-1-0 4
    MTEE 203 Bio-energy Systems and Applications 3-1-0 4
    MTEE 204 Wind and Hydro Energy Systems 3-1-0 4
    MTEE 205 Biomass/Bioenergy Lab 0-0-4 4
    Total Credit Points 12-4-4 20

  • Semester III
    Paper Code Subject L-T-P Credit
    MTEE 301 Energy Storage Systems and Applications 3-1-0 4
    MTEE 302 Research Methodology 3-1-0 4
    MTEE 303 Solar Refrigereation & Air Conditioning 3-1-0 4
    MTEE 304 Solar Passive Building Technology 3-1-0 4
    MTEE 305 Energy and Environmental Instrumention Lab 0-0-4 4
    Total Credit Points 12-4-4 20

  • Semester IV
    Paper Code Subject L-T-P Credit
    MTEE 401 Major Projects 0-0-36 20
    Total Credit Points 0-0-36 20

Mr. Narendra Kumar
Assistant Professor

Qualification:M.Sc. (Environmental Science)
Teaching Experience:5 Years
Research Experience:6 Years
: :
Dr. Venkatesh Dutta
Assistant Professor

Environmental Management, EIA, Modelling, Policy Analysis, Environmental Planning

Qualification:M.Sc. (Environmental Management), Ph.D. (TERI)
Teaching Experience:8 Years
Research Experience:12 Years
: :dvenks@gmail.com
Dr. Jiwan Singh
Assistant Professor

Solid waste management, Composting/vermicomposting, wastewater treatment, synthesis nano materials and its application for removal of water pollutants, phytoremediation

Qualification:M.Sc, M.Tech, Ph.D
Teaching Experience:1 Year 9 months
Research Experience:5 Years
:7376157206 :jiwansingh95@gmail.com
Academic tour to Jim Corbett National Park and Nainital (UT) for water quality analysis of Lake Ecosystem and biodiversity assessment
The students of Department of Environmental Science, visited Jim Corbett National Park and Nainital for water quality analysis of Lake Ecosystem and biodiversity assessment during 8th April to 13th April 2006 as a part of the academic curriculum. The trip was very useful for the students in getting a field-based knowledge of various dimensions of the course. The trip was organized by Prof. M. Yunus and Dr. Venkatesh Dutta, faculty members in the department.

SES celebrates National Science Day
The School for Environmental Sciences at Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University organized a seminar on 28th February, 2007 on the occasion of National Science Day in the University Seminar Hall. The theme of the seminar was “Changing Environment & Energy Scenario: Agenda for Future”. Prof. M. S. Sodha, an eminent energy expert & Ex-Vice Chancellor, Lucknow University, Devi Ahilyabai University, Indore & Barkatullah University, Bhopal spoke on the subject. Dr. R K Singh, Head, Division of Toxicology, CDRI, Lucknow also delivered a lecture on environmental management. A BBC documentary on ‘State of the Planet – Biodiversity Loss’ was screened followed by discussions by department faculty members and students. The seminar was presided over by the Head of the Department, Prof R P Singh.

SES Academic tour to Goa (2006 – 07)
SES celebrates World Wildlife Conservation Week

The School of Environmental Sciences celebrated World Wildlife Conservation Week, held every year from 1 – 7th October, at the University premises on October 4, 2007. The event also coincides with the World Animal Day. A debate competition for postgraduate students was organized on the topic, “Are we heading towards ecological extinction”. Later two documentary films were shown on of conservation of north Indian tortoises and struggle of a dying river by Shailesh Kumar, Research Scholar and Dr. Venkatesh Dutta, faculty member at the department. On the occasion, renowned environmentalist and wildlife expert, Dr R L Singh emphasized on demands of development and growing conflicts between the natural resource management and socio-economically marginalized communities especially around the protected areas. He stressed on immediate conservation strategy for rapidly eroding biodiversity. The events witnessed participation from more than 100 students and faculty members. A day long tour to Crocodile Breeding Centre, Kukrail and Zoological Park, Lucknow A day-long trip was organized to Crocodile Breeding Centre, Kukrail and Zoological Park, Lucknow for the students of environmental sciences. Dr. Venkatesh Dutta and Mr. N K S More, faculty members accompanied the students and explained the finer details of ex-situ conservation.

M. Sc. (Environmental Sciences) Syllabus

  • Semester I
    • ES-101 : Environment and Ecosystem Dynamics MM 100 Time: 03 hrs
    • Note: Out of 08 Question set, 5 questions are to be attempted by the students. Question 1 will be compulsory and will consist five to ten small questions representing the entire syllabus. Other seven questions will be set from different units maintaining at least one Questions from each unit. All questions will carry equal marks.
    • Unit I: Atmospheric profile and composition, physical characteristics, types of wind, inversion, soil profile, soil formation and humus formation, Physico- chemical properties of soil and water, precipitation.
    • Unit II: Concept of ecosystem Ecological pyramids, energy flow, biogeochemical cycle in ecosystem.
    • Unit III: Population, theories of population growth, Biotic potential, inter and intra species interactions in ecosystem, community dynamics in ecosystems.
    • Unit IV: Characteristics of community, concept of climax, theories of climax succession, xerosere, hydrosere, habitat and ecological niche, allelopathy
    • ES-102 : Biodiversity and Wildlife Conservation MM 100 Time: 03 hrs
    • Note: Out of 08 Question set, 5 questions are to be attempted by the students. Question 1 will be compulsory and will consist five to ten small questions representing the entire syllabus. Other seven questions will be set from different units maintaining at least one Questions from each unit. All questions will carry equal marks.
    • Unit I: Concepts and components of biodiversity, genetic, species and ecosystem diversity; Biodiversity as an important resource, human population growth and its implications on biodiversity, biodiversity indices, value of biodiversity.
    • Unit II: Conservation of biodiversity, in-situ and ex-situ conservation. Wildlife reserves in India, Earth summit and follow up action, Convention on biodiversity.
    • Unit III: Biodiversity hotspots in the world, national and global red data lists, categories of species and their management, biodiversity prospecting, IPR of biodiversity and its products, patent protection and biopiracy.
    • Unit IV: Bioprospecting and conservation, importance of biodiversity. biodiversity informatics, databases in biological materials. International efforts and issues of sustainability.
    • ES-103 : Environmental Chemistry MM 100 Time: 03 hrs
    • Note: Out of 08 Question set, 5 questions are to be attempted by the students. Question 1 will be compulsory and will consist five to ten small questions representing the entire syllabus. Other seven questions will be set from different units maintaining at least one Questions from each unit. All questions will carry equal marks.
    • Unit I: Basic concept of Environmental chemistry, chemistry of gaseous and particulate pollutants, oxygen and ozone chemistry, concept of fog and smog.
    • Unit II: Chemistry of water, concept of sedimentation, filtration, coagulation, estuarine processes and major ion chemistry of sea water.
    • Unit III: Inorganic and organic components of soil, Mechanism of chemical weathering, Soil pH, Nitrogen pathways, and NPK in soil.
    • Unit IV: Chemistry of food additives, dyes, detergents and bleaching agents, processing of gasoline, chemistry of paints.
    • ES-104 : Instrumentation, Data Analysis and Bioinformatics MM 100 Time: 03 hrs
    • Note: Out of 08 Question set, 5 questions are to be attempted by the students. Question 1 will be compulsory and will consist five to ten small questions representing the entire syllabus. Other seven questions will be set from different units maintaining at least one Questions from each unit. All questions will carry equal marks.
    • Unit I: Principles and application of microscopy, confocal and electron microscopy, separation methods viz electrophoresis, centrifugation and its types, chromatography techniques and its types viz TLC, HPLC,GC.
    • Unit II: Principles and application of specroscopy, UV- VIS spectrophotometer, spectrofluorimeter, AAS,AES, flame photometry, fluorescence and diffraction methods
    • Unit III: Presentation of sampled data, Measures of central tendency &dispersion, normal distribution, probability theory, tests of significance, t-tests, Z-tests, chi-square test.
    • Unit IV: Basic concepts and application of computer for data storage and analysis of Samples, Bioinformatics

  • Semester II
    • ES-201: Environmental Microbiology MM 100 Time: 03 hrs
    • Note: Out of 08 Question set, 5 questions are to be attempted by the students. Question 1 will be compulsory and will consist five to ten small questions representing the entire syllabus. Other seven questions will be set from different units maintaining at least one Questions from each unit. All questions will carry equal marks.
    • Unit I: Diversity in microbial communities of soil, water and air, methods of isolation thereof. microbial pathogens and their control.
    • Unit II: Mode of microbial nutrition, determination of growth, microbial interactions, Chemolithotrophy, humus.
    • Unit III: Concept of bioremediation and bioaugmentation, bioconversion microbial degradation of environmental pollutants (detergents & pesticides), Microbial degradation of plastics and other organic environmental pollutants
    • Unit IV: Microbial ecology, effect of environmental factors on microorganisms, effect of light and radiations on microorganisms, phototaxis and phototropism, mechanism of chemotaxis, methods used in microbial ecological investigations.
    • ES-202: Environmental Geosciences & Remote Sensing Applications MM 100 Time: 03 hrs
    • Note: Out of 08 Question set, 5 questions are to be attempted by the students. Question 1 will be compulsory and will consist five to ten small questions representing the entire syllabus. Other seven questions will be set from different units maintaining at least one Questions from each unit. All questions will carry equal marks.
    • Unit I: Origin, distribution and cycles of elements in the earth, processes and principles of landform development and distribution, principles of meteorology and climatology at the synoptic and regional scales, adiabatic processes, weather systems, forecasting and regional climates, atmospheric stability
    • Unit II: Principles of hydrology, hydrological cycle, watershed, precipitation patterns, snow and ice, groundwater, runoff formation, flow in channels, lake storage, introduction to techniques of measurement and analysis of surface and subsurface water.
    • Unit III: Hazard identification for extreme meteorological events; floods; wave and tsunami effects; tropical cyclones, debris flow, landslides and avalanches, volcanic hazards, earthquake hazard, el-nino, melting of ice-sheets
    • Unit IV: Electromagnetic radiation, interaction of EMR with the earth’s atmosphere and surface; satellite image acquisition, remote sensing sensors and platforms, image geometry, scale, and resolution; visual interpretation, principles of digital image processing, application of remote sensing in environmental management, concepts of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
    • ES 203: Environmental Pollution & Abatement MM 100 Time: 03 hrs
    • Note: Out of 08 Question set, 5 questions are to be attempted by the students. Question 1 will be compulsory and will consist five to ten small questions representing the entire syllabus. Other seven questions will be set from different units maintaining at least one Questions from each unit. All questions will carry equal marks.
    • Unit I: Sources of environmental pollution, issues and challenges of environmental pollution control measures, water, soil and air pollutions at local, national and global levels, awareness campaigns and people’s involvement in pollution control, waste management laws.
    • Unit II: Solid waste and soil pollution management, waste monitoring, management of hazardous and non hazardous solid waste, domestic waste and its management, processing and disposal of municipal and medical wastes, hazardous waste treatment process, potential emergency, control measures of pollutants.
    • Unit III: Air pollution and its control, indoor and outdoor air pollutants, particulate emission control, control of gaseous emissions, control of pollutant from vehicle.
    • Unit IV: Sludge traeatment and disposal, management of agricultural waste, industrial waste and its management, xenobiotic compounds and their management.
    • ES 204: Water Quality Management MM 100 Time: 03 hrs
    • Note: Out of 08 Question set, 5 questions are to be attempted by the students. Question 1 will be compulsory and will consist five to ten small questions representing the entire syllabus. Other seven questions will be set from different units maintaining at least one Questions from each unit. All questions will carry equal marks.
    • Unit I: Sources of water and waste water, hydrological cycle, water budget, usage of water, precipitation index, water pollutants and contaminants, issues of health and safety
    • Unit II: Qualitative determinants of water and waste water, bacteriological analysis, biotic index bioindicators, eutrophication,BOD,COD and bioaccumulation and biomagnification
    • Unit III: Concept of pure aqua, water quality standards, water sampling techniques, industrial and domestic waste water, treatment methods, ETP design and function, water borne diseases and control
    • Unit IV: Marine pollution, sources, factors responsible for marine pollution, effect of marine pollution on sea biosphere, major marine pollution episodes e.g minimata & gulfwar, measures for control of marine pollution.

  • Semester III
    • ES-301: Toxicology and Occupational health hazards MM 100 Time: 03 hrs
    • Note: Out of 08 Question set, 5 questions are to be attempted by the students. Question 1 will be compulsory and will consist five to ten small questions representing the entire syllabus. Other seven questions will be set from different units maintaining at least one Questions from each unit. All questions will carry equal marks.
    • Unit I: Principles and mechanisms of toxicity, xenobiotic pathways, process of biotransformation and bioactivation, toxicity of chemical substances viz hydrocarbons, metals, minerals and their effects on living being, dose response curve.
    • Unit-II: Target and nontarget organ toxicity, hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, neurotoxicity, respirotoxicity
    • Unit III: Immunotoxicity, carcingenecity, mutagenicity, system toxicity, genetic and reproductive toxicity embryotoxicity, foelotoxicity, teratogeneticity
    • Unit IV: Occupational exposure, risks of hazardous substances and potential health hazards, occupational diseases, occupational and industrial hygiene and hazards control
    • ES-302 Stress Biology MM:100 Time: 03 hrs
    • Note: Out of 08 Question set, 5 questions are to be attempted by the students. Question 1 will be compulsory and will consist five to ten small questions representing the entire syllabus. Other seven questions will be set from different units maintaining at least one Questions from each unit. All questions will carry equal marks.
    • Unit-I: Concept of environmental Stress, signating molecules and mechanism of signal transduction, membrane dynamics and cellular responses under high temperature and freezing stresses, stress induced synthesis of heat shock proteins.
    • Unit-II: Effects of oxidative stress and oxygen radicals, Plants response to U.V and high light stresses, Antioxidative defense mechanism and photoadaptations of photosynthetic machinery.
    • Unit-III: Cellular response of plants to salinity, osmotic and drought stresses, Molecular basis of stress tolerance & osmoregulations, role of some common and specific stress proteins.
    • Unit-IV: Cellular response to nutritional stress(N, P,C,Ca,and Fe deficiencies) in olants and adaptions strategy against nutrient deficiency, physiology response to heavy metal (Ni,Co, Mn, Cu, cd, Pb and Hg ) toxicity, general defense strategy of the cells, role of metallothiones and phytochelatins.
    • ES 303: Environmental Biotechnology M.M 100 Time: 03 hrs
    • Note: Out of 08 Question set, 5 questions are to be attempted by the students. Question 1 will be compulsory and will consist five to ten small questions representing the entire syllabus. Other seven questions will be set from different units maintaining at least one Questions from each unit. All questions will carry equal marks.
    • UNIT-I: Biotechnology in environmental management; concepts and areas of concern, tools and techniques in biotechnology, gene and genome; concepts, organization and analysis, mutants, recombinant DNA technology, immobilization of biomolecules and cells.
    • UNIT-II: Degradive plasmids, genetic transformation in microbes, ribosomal RNA based identification of microbes, microbial polymers and plastics, concepts of bioremediation and application of microbes in remediation of inorganic, organic and gaseous pollutants, concepts of biogas and bioenergy.
    • UNIT-III: Plant cell and tissue culture technology, Plasticity and Totipotency, The culture requirements, Plant cell culture media, Culture types, In vitro regeneration pathways: organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis, Establishments of plantlets into soil, Acclimatization and hardening, cell suspension culture
    • UNIT-IV: Micropropagation and clonal propagation, Plant cell and tissue culture in forestry, In vitro conservation of germplasm, gene bank, basic concepts and techniques for plant transformation, clean gene technology.
    • ES –304 Environmental Management & EIA MM100 Time: 03 hrs
    • Note: Out of 08 Question set, 5 questions are to be attempted by the students. Question 1 will be compulsory and will consist five to ten small questions representing the entire syllabus. Other seven questions will be set from different units maintaining at least one Questions from each unit. All questions will carry equal marks.
    • Unit-I: Concept of environmental management, monitoring and analysis of environmental degradation, biosphere, conservation and ecotourism, conservation of cultural heritage, organic farming, waste land reclamation.
    • Unit-II: Concept of sustainable environment, concept and strategies of sustainable development, cost benefit analysis, restoration and rehabilitation technologies, and green belt designing
    • Unit III: Basic concept of environment impact assessment (EIA), concept of screening and scooping, baseline information and predictions (land, water & atmosphere), EIA guidelines 1994, notification of government of India, impact assessment methodologies, procedure for reviewing environmental impact analysis
    • Unit-IV: Concept of Environmental Auditing (EA), Environmental impact statement (EIS) and Environmental Management Plan (EMP)

  • Semester IV
    Specialization –I: Environmental Biotechnology (EB)
    • ES 401-EB Plant Biotechnology for Sustainable Development MM 100 Time : 03hrs
    • Note: Out of 08 Question set, 5 questions are to be attempted by the students. Question 1 will be compulsory and will consist five to ten small questions representing the entire syllabus. Other seven questions will be set from different units maintaining at least one Questions from each unit. All questions will carry equal marks.
    • Unit I: Plant genomes: the organization and expression of plant genes, proteomics, transgenic plants: production strategies and evaluation of transgenic status, transgenic plants for sustainable environment, environmental concerns about GM plants, The regulation of GM crops and products, ‘greener’ genetic engineering.
    • Unit-II: Somaclonal variation, cell selection and genotype improvements, somatic hybrids and cybrids, In vitro haploid plant production, herbicide resistant transgenics and threats of ‘super weeds’.
    • Unit-III: Transgenic plants for insect and disease resistance: current status and environmental concerns, strategies for engineering environmental stress tolerance in plants, phytoremediation for environmental clean up, phytomining of precious metals.
    • Unit–IV: Plants as bioreactor, biopharming / molecular pharming, biofuels and energy crops, nanotechnology in environmental management, biosensors, slow release fertilizers and pesticides.
    • ES 402-EB Microbial technology & Environment MM 100 Time : 03hrs
    • Note: Out of 08 Question set, 5 questions are to be attempted by the students. Question 1 will be compulsory and will consist five to ten small questions representing the entire syllabus. Other seven questions will be set from different units maintaining at least one Questions from each unit. All questions will carry equal marks.
    • Unit- I: Physical, chemical and biological properties of waste, sources and generation of solid wastes, their characterization and classification, composting and land fills, biomethanation, microbiology of waste degradation compost, risk assessment of hazardous substances, occupational health hazards, microbiological and public health aspects of waste disposal.
    • Unit II: Concept of bioremediation, bio augmentation, types of bioremediation, biodegradtion and bioconversion of organic wastes,bioremediation of metals and oil spills, biorecovery of metals, biomining: bioleaching, biosorption, biosorbent microbial groups.
    • Unit III: Treatment of waste water from pulp and paper, tanning, distilling, dye, antibiotic, petroleum and dairy industries, controlling acidic mine drainage.
    • Unit IV: Mutants and genetically modified microbes in environmental clean up, gene transfer in environment, GEMs and environmental concerns, GEMs and biosafety, vermiculture, mushroom cultivation.

  • Semester IV
    Specialization-II Environmental Management & EIA
    • ES 401- EMEIA Environmental Impact Assessment & Management MM 100 Time : 03hrs
    • Note: Out of 08 Question set, 5 questions are to be attempted by the students. Question 1 will be compulsory and will consist five to ten small questions representing the entire syllabus. Other seven questions will be set from different units maintaining at least one Questions from each unit. All questions will carry equal marks.
    • Unit I: EIA approach, principles and methodologies, Biodiversity Impact Assessment (BIA), Social Impact Assessment (SIA), Cost-Benefit Analysis, Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), procedure for reviewing environmental impact analysis and statements
    • Unit II: The principles and practice of environmental auditing, objectives, procedures & benefits, environmental auditing as a management tool, ISO 14001 series, environment labeling, concepts of lifecycle analysis (LCA) and risk assessment
    • Unit III: Concept of environmental justice and jurisprudence, various Indian laws and acts related to prevention and control of pollution, international environmental agreements, conventions and protocols
    • Unit IV: Energy scenario in India, Sources of conventional and nonconventional energy energy crisis with future policies and prospects
    • ES 402- EMEIA Environmental Economics & Ecoplanning MM 100 Time : 03hrs
    • Note: Out of 08 Question set, 5 questions are to be attempted by the students. Question 1 will be compulsory and will consist five to ten small questions representing the entire syllabus. Other 7 questions will be set from different units maintaining at least one Questions from each unit. All questions will carry equal marks.
    • Unit I: Economic Development, and Sustainable Development, Measurement of Environmental Values, Valuation Methods, The Theory of Environmental Policy, Environmental Externalities, Pigovian Taxes and Subsidies, Intergenerational Well being and Equity, SD Indicators, NRA.
    • Unit II: Economics of Natural Resource Management and Sustainable Development, Theories of Optimal Use of Exhaustible and Renewable Resources, Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting in the measurement of Environmentally Corrected GDP, Concept of Natural Capital and Sustainability
    • Unit III: Interrelation between Population, Development and Environment, Industrial Structure and Economic Growth, Pattern of Industrialization- Public and Private; Large and Small Industries, Theories of Industrial Location- Indian Experience.
    • Unit IV: Concept of Ecoplanning, Ecological approach to Landscape Planning, Landuse Policy for India, Concept of Urban and Periurban Planning, Rural Planning, Land Use Pattern, Macroeconomic Policies and Environment, New Agricultural Policy, New Industrial Policy and Liberalization, Policies for sustainable resource management.
    • ES 403: Dissertation / Thesis 100+50
    • ES 404: Practicals 100
    • Es 405: Seminar/ Tour report 50